凯旋棋牌

《古田會議決議》與黨的集中統一領導制度的奠基

2020年01月10日 20:28:40
來源: 《紅旗文稿》2020/1 作者: 王均偉

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  “由誰領導、聽誰指揮”:古田會議前爭論的核心

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  為確立黨的集中統一領導制度奠基:《古田會議決議》的歷史貢獻

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  一是規定了紅軍的性質、宗旨和任務。紅軍是一個執行階級的政治任務的武裝集團,決不僅是單純地打仗,還要擔負宣傳群眾、組織群眾、武裝群眾、幫助群眾建設政權等重大任務。離開了對群眾宣傳、組織武裝政權等目標,就完全失去了打仗的意義,也就根本失去了紅軍存在的意義。

  二是再次強調支部建在連上。凯旋棋牌強調每連建設一個支部,每班建設一個小組,這是紅軍中黨的組織的重要原則之一。

  三是實行政治委員制度。凯旋棋牌軍事機關的一切命令,政治委員須副署。黨對軍事工作部分要有積極的注意和討論,一切工作在黨的討論和決議后,再經過群眾路線去執行。

  四是規范紅軍軍事機關與政治機關的關系,在高級機關政權沒建設以前,紅軍的軍事機關與政治機關在前委的指導之下,平行地執行工作。凡有全軍意義的事項,如發布政綱等,軍政機關會銜發布。沒有建立政權機關的地方,紅軍政治部代替地方政權機關。群眾工作如宣傳、組織群眾,建設政權,以及沒收處罰、捐款、審查、募捐、濟難等事之指揮監督,在地方機關沒有建立以前,均屬政治部職權。幫助地方武裝與發動、紅軍的籌款指揮、政治工作費用的決定與支出,均屬于政治部。

  五是提出加強紅軍的思想政治教育,使黨員的思想和黨內生活都政治化、科學化。教育黨員用馬克思主義的方法去作政治的分析和階級勢力的估量,以代替唯心方法的分析和估量。提高黨內的政治水平,肅清單純軍事觀念的理論根源。在一般黨員中加強黨的組織建設的政治意義教育,從根本上肅清一切不負責任的給群眾以壞影響的非組織的批評。少數服從多數,少數應在黨的第一次會議之后,下一次會議未開之前,必須擁護多數的決議,除在下一次會議得再提出討論外,不得在行動上有任何反對的表示。

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  讓制度有效落地:《古田會議決議》制定了一系列具體紀律和規矩

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凯旋棋牌  ZAIZENGQIANGDANGYUANZUZHIGUANNIAN、TIGAODANGYUANCANJIAZHIBUHUIJIJIXINGFANGMIAN,ZUOLE7TIAOGUIDING:1.HUIYIYAOZHENGZHIHUASHIJIHUA。2.YAOBAHUIYIDEZHONGDAYIYISHICHANGDUITONGZHIMENTIXING,YOUQISHIXINDANGYUANJIGONGZUOBUJIJIDEDANGYUAN。3.JUEYIBUYAOQINGYIZUOCHU,YICHENGJUEYI,JIUYAOJIANJUEZHIXING。4.SHANGJIJIGUANYAOKUAIXIEDAFUXIAJIJIGUANDEWENTI,BUYAOTUOYANTAICHANG。5.FUZERENYAOSHIXIANZHUNBEIYISHIRICHENG,YISHIRICHENGYAOJUTIHUA,DUIWENTIDENEIRONGHEHUANJINGXIANYAODIAOCHAQINGCHU,BINGDUIYUZENYANGJIEJUEXIANYAOXIANGYIXIANG。6.ZHUXIDUIZHIDAOHUIYIYAOCAIYONGHENHAODEJISHU,YAOYINDAOQUNZHONGDETAOLUNCHAOLIUBENFUMOUYIWENTI。DANYOUZHONGYAOYIYIDECHAOCHUTIWAIDEFAZHAN,BUDANBUYAODASHAFENGJINGDIQUHEZHITA,ERQIEYAOZHENZHONGDIZHUOZHUZHEYIFAZHANDEYAODIAN,JIESHAOGEIDAJIA,CHENGLIXINDEYITI,ZHEYANGHUIYICAIYOUXINGQU,WENTICAINENGDEDAOZHENZHENGDEJIEJUE,TONGSHIHUIYIYECAINENGZHENZHENGSHIXIANJIAOYUDEYIYI。7.FEIZHIFENGJIANDEHUICHANGZHIXU,GONGCHANDANGDEHUICHANGYAOSHIFANYINGWUCHANJIEJIZHIJIJIHUOPODESHUANGKUAIDEJINGSHEN,BAZHEXIEZUOCHENGZHIXU。

凯旋棋牌  ZAIJIAQIANGDANGYUANJIAOYUFANGMIAN,TICHULE18TIAOJUTIFANGFA:1.DANGBAO;2.ZHENGZHIJIANBAO;3.BIANZHIGEZHONGJIAOYUTONGZHIDEXIAOCEZI;4.XUNLIANBAN;5.YOUZUZHIDIFENPEIKANSHU;6.DUIBURENZIDANGYUANDUSHUBAO;7.GEBIETANHUA;8.PIPING;9.XIAOZUHUI;10.ZHIBUDAHUI;11.ZHIBUWEI、ZULIANXIHUI;12.ZONGDUIWEIDANWEIZUCHANGYISHANGHUODONGFENZIHUIYI;13.QUANJUNZHISHUYISHANGHUODONGFENZIDAHUI;14.ZONGDUIWEIDANWEIDANGYUANDAHUI;15.ZONGDUIWEIDANWEIGEJISHU、XUAN、ZULIANXIHUI;16.QUANJUNZHIDUIYISHANGSHU、XUAN、ZULIANXIHUI;17.ZHENGZHITAOLUNHUI;18.SHIDANGDIFENPEIDANGYUANCANJIASHIJIGONGZUO。

凯旋棋牌  DUIZHENGZHIWEIYUANZENYANGSHANGHAOZHENGZHIKEZUOLE10TIAOGUIDING:1.QIFASHI(FEIZHIZHURUSHI);2.YOUJINJIYUAN;3.YOUQIANRUSHEN;4.SHUOHUATONGSUHUA(XINMINGCIYAOSHISU);5.SHUOHUAYAOMINGBAI;6.SHUOHUAYAOYOUQUWEI;7.YIZISHIZHUSHUOHUA;8.HOUCIFUXIQIANCIDEGAINIAN;9.YAOTIGANG;10.GANBUBANYAOYONGTAOLUNSHI。

  ZAIJIANLIDANGDEMINZHUJIZHONGZHI、JIUZHENGFEIZUZHIGUANDIANFANGMIANZUOLE6TIAOGUIDING:1.DANGDELINGDAOJIGUANYAOYOUZHENGQUEDEZHIDAOLUXIAN,YUSHIYAONACHUBANFA,YIJIANLILINGDAODEZHONGSHU。2.SHANGJIJIGUANYAOMINGLEXIAJIJIGUANDEQINGKUANGHEQUNZHONGSHENGHUODEQINGKUANG,CHENGWEIZHENGQUEZHIDAODEKEGUANJICHU。3.DANGDEGEJIJIGUANJIEJUEWENTI,BUYAOTAISUIBIAN,YICHENGJUEYI,JIUXUJIANJUEZHIXING。4.SHANGJIJIGUANDEJUEYI,FANSHUZHONGYAOYIDIANDE,BIXUXUNSUDICHUANDADAOXIAJIJIGUANHEDANGYUANQUNZHONGZHONGQU。5.DANGDEXIAJIJIGUANHEDANGYUANQUNZHONGDUIYUSHANGJIJIGUANDEZHISHI,YAOJINGGUOXIANGJINDETAOLUN,YIQIUCHEDIDILEJIEZHISHIDEYIYI,BINGJUEDINGDUITADEZHIXINGFANGFA。6.KAIHUISHIYAOSHIDAOHUIDERENJINLIANGFABIAOYIJIAN,YOUZHENGLUNDEWENTI,YAOBASHIFEINONGMINGBAI,BUYAODIAOHEFUYAN,YICIBUNENGJIEJUEDE,ERCIZAIYI(YIBUFANGAIGONGZUOWEITIAOJIAN),YIQIDEDAOMINGXIDEJIELUN。

  ZAIXUANCHUANQUNZHONG、ZUZHIQUNZHONGFANGMIAN,GUIDINGLE8XIANGJUTINEIRONG:1.FABUYIGEJUTIDEZHENGGANG,MINGYUEHONGJUNZHENGGANG。2.XUANCHUANYAOQIEHEQUNZHONGDEDOUZHENGQINGXU,CHUYIBANDIFABUBAODONGKOUHAOWAI,HUANYAOYOUSHIHEQUNZHONGDOUZHENGQINGXUSHANGDIDIFANGDERICHANGSHENGHUODEKOUHAO,YIFADONGRICHANGDOUZHENG,QULIANXIZHUNEIXIEBAODONGKOUHAO。3.CHENGSHIPINMIN(ZHONGXIAOSHANGRENYUXUESHENG)SHIMINQUANGEMINGGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIGEXIANGDANGDELILIANG,HUSHILEZHEGELILIANGZHIZHENGQU,JIUWUYIBAZHEGELILIANGSONGGEIHAOSHENZICHANJIEJI。YIHOUDUICHENGSHIZHONGXIAOSHANGRENYUXUESHENGQUNZHONG,YAOYOUSHENRUDEXUANCHUANGONGZUOQUQUDETAMEN。4.FUNVZHANRENKOUDEBANSHU,LAODONGFUNVZAIJINGJISHANGDEDIWEIHETAMENTEBIESHOUYAPODEZHUANGKUANG,BUDANZHENGMINGFUNVDUIGEMINGDEPOQIEXUYAO,ERQIESHIJUEDINGGEMINGSHENGBAIDEYIGELILIANG。YIHOUDUIFUNVYAOYOUQIESHIDEKOUHAO,ZUOPUBIANDEXUANCHUAN。5.LAOKUQINGNIANQUNZHONGZHANRENKOUBAIFENZHISANSHIYISHANG,ZAIDOUZHENGZHONGTAMENYOUSHIZUIYONGGANZUIJIANJUEDE。YINCIDUIQUDEQINGNIANQUNZHONGDEXUANCHUAN,SHIZHENGGEXUANCHUANRENWUZHONGDEYIGEZHONGYAORENWU。6.ZHONGGUOGUANGDADEYOUMINQUNZHONGRUOZHANZAIGEMINGJIEJIFANGMIAN,JIUCHENGLEGEMINGDEGONGJU,RUOZHANZAIFANDONGJIEJIFANGMIAN,JIUCHENGLEFANGEMINGDEGONGJU,YINCICONGFANDONGJIEJIYINGXIANGZHIXIAQUDUOQUYOUMINQUNZHONG,SHIDANGDEXUANCHUANRENWUZHIYI。ZHIXINGXUANCHUANGONGZUOSHI,XUZHUYIGEBUFENDEYOUMINSHENGHUOHEXINGZHIZHIBUTONG,FENBIEDIDUITAMENXUANCHUAN。7.DIZHUJIEJIWUZHUANGZUZHIZHIPOHUAIJIQIQUNZHONGZHIZHENGQU,SHINONGCUNZHONGTUDIGEMINGSHENGLITIAOJIANZHIYI,YIHOUGUANYUDUIMINTUAN、JINGWEITUANDENGTUANDINGQUNZHONGDEXUANCHUANGONGZUOTEBIEYAOZHUYI。8.DAOYIGEDIFANGYAOYOUSHIHENEIGEDIFANGDEXUANCHUANKOUHAOHEGUDONGKOUHAO。YOUYOUYIZHAOBUTONGDESHIJIAN(RUQIUSHOUYUNIANGUAN,JIANGGUIZHANZHENGSHIQIYUWANGJIANGZHANZHENGSHIQI),ZHICHUBUTONGDEXUANCHUANHEGUDONGKOUHAO。

  《GUTIANHUIYIJUEYI》BUJINHUIDABINGJIEJUELEJIANDANGJIANJUNDEYIXILIEZHONGDAYUANZEXINGWENTI,ERQIEBAZHEXIEYUANZEJUTIHUA、XIJIEHUA、GUIFANHUAWEIZHIDUBAOZHANG。JIYOUFANGXIANG,YOUYOULUJING,ZHESHI《GUTIANHUIYIJUEYI》DEYIGEZHONGYAOTESE。

  《GUTIANHUIYIJUEYI》ZHONGYOUYITIAOGUIDING:“YICHENGJUEYI,JIUXUJIANJUEZHIXING”,ZHEYESHIBAOZHENGDANGDEZHIDULUODIZHAGENDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。GUTIANHUIYIDEGEXIANGJUEYINENGGOUZAIHONGSIJUNYANGEGUANCHELUOSHI,JIUZAIYUJIANJUEZHIXINGLE“JIANJUEZHIXING”ZHEYIDIAN。JUEYITONGGUOHOU,HONGSIJUNGEBUDUIZHUAJINYIQIEKEYILIYONGDEJIANXI,JIANGHUIYIJINGSHENCENGCENGCHUANDA,CENGCENGTAOLUN。GEJIDANGZUZHI(CONGZONGDUIDANGWEIDAOLIANDUIDANGZHIBU)DOUANZHAOJUEYIZHUTIAOJIANCHAZISHENCUNZAIDEWENTI,KAIZHANZHENGQUEDETONGZHISHIDEPIPING。JINGGUONULI,GANBU、ZHANSHIDEZHENGZHIJUEWUXIANZHUTIGAO,QUANJUNTONGYILESIXIANG,NINGJULELILIANG,JIUZHENGLECUOWU,CHENGXIANCHUYIPIANXINDEQIXIANG。

凯旋棋牌  1930NIAN1YUE5RI,GUTIANHUIYIJIESHUHOUDEDI7TIAN,MAOZEDONGZAIGUTIANCUNYIGEJIANLOUDEXIAOWULI,XIELEYIFENG7000DUOZIDECHANGXIN,JIUSHIHOULAIGONGKAIFABIAODE《XINGXINGZHIHUO,KEYILIAOYUAN》。ZAIXINZHONG,MAOZEDONGTICHULEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEZHENGQUEDAOLU——NONGCUNBAOWEICHENGSHI、WUZHUANGDUOQUZHENGQUAN,YONGSHIYIANGRANDEYUJUMIAOHUILEZHONGGUOGEMINGDEQIANTU:“TASHIZHANZAIHAIANYAOWANGHAIZHONGYIJINGKANDEJIANWEIGANJIANTOULEDEYIZHIHANGCHUAN,TASHILIYUGAOSHANZHIDIANYUANKANDONGFANGYIJIANGUANGMANGSISHEPENBOYUCHUDEYILUNCHAORI,TASHIZAODONGYUMUFUZHONGDEKUAIYAOCHENGSHULEDEYIGEYINGER。”

  1930NIAN1YUE6RI,GUTIANHUIYIJIESHUHOUDEDI8TIAN,MAOZEDONGZAIXIANGZHONGYANGTIJIAODEBAOGAOZHONGZHICHU:“DAHUIJUEYIJIZHONGYANGZHISHI,JIZAILILUNSHANGKEFUGEZHONGQINGXIANG,YIYIZHIXINGDEWENTI,DANGDAIJINHOUDEDUCUYUFENDOU。CIYIYUEDEGUANGYINYIGUO,HONGJUNZAIBIAOMIANZHONGZAIYUZHENGJUMEIYOUJINGRENDEDOUZHENG,DANYUJINHOUDOUZHENG,QUEJIANLILEJICHU。” “JIANLILEJICHU”,ZHEJIUSHIGUTIANHUIYIZHENGZHIYIYIHELISHIDIWEIDEGENBENSUOZAI。GUTIANHUIYIZHONGSHIZHIDUJIANSHE,HENHAODIJIEJUELEHONGSIJUNDANGNEIHEJUNDUIJIANSHEYIXILIEGENBENWENTI,YEGEIWOMENJINTIANXUEXIGUANCHELUOSHIDANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIJINGSHENTIGONGLELISHIDIANFANYUSHIJIANQIDI。

  (ZUOZHE:ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGSHIHEWENXIANYANJIUYUANDIQIYANJIUBUZHUREN)

  ZERENBIANJI:CHENJINXIA

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