凯旋棋牌

人民共和國69年的光輝歷程和歷史啟示

2018年09月30日 15:00:00
來源: 《求是》2018/19 作者: 曲青山

  2018NIANSHIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLI69ZHOUNIAN。HUIGURENMINGONGHEGUOZOUGUODEGUANGHUILICHENG,WOMENGANKAIWANQIAN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJICENGZHICHU,“LISHISHIYIGEMINZU、YIGEGUOJIAXINGCHENG、FAZHANJIQISHENGSHUAIXINGWANGDEZHENSHIJILU,SHIQIANRENDE‘BAIKEQUANSHU’,JIQIANRENGEZHONGZHISHI、JINGYANHEZHIHUIDEZONGHUI”,“LISHISHIZUIHAODEJIAOKESHU”。XUEXIHUIGUGONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHI,ZONGJIELISHIJINGYAN,DUIYUWOMENZOUHAOXINSHIDAIDECHANGZHENGLU,SHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAO、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

  光輝的發展歷程

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  69NIANLAIWOMENQUDEDEZUIGENBENCHENGJIUJIUSHICHUANGLI、JIANCHIHEFAZHANLEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIGAIGEKAIFANGXINSHIQIKAICHUANGDE,YESHIJIANLIZAIWOMENDANGCHANGQIFENDOUJICHUSHANGDE,SHIYOUWOMENDANGDEJIDAIZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITITUANJIEDAILINGQUANDANGQUANGUORENMINLIJINGQIANXINWANKU、FUCHUGEZHONGDAIJIA、JIELITANSUOQUDEDE。TASHIZAIWOGUOGAIGEKAIFANG40NIANDEWEIDASHIJIANZHONGDELAIDE,YESHIZAIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUO69NIANDECHIXUTANSUOZHONGDELAIDE。ZAISHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGHEJIANSHESHIQI,YIMAOZEDONGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGDEDIYIDAIZHONGYANGLINGDAOJITITUANJIEDAILINGQUANDANGQUANGUORENMIN,JINXINGSHEHUIZHUYIGEMING,JIANLISHEHUIZHUYIJIBENZHIDU,CHENGGONGSHIXIANLEZHONGGUOLISHISHANGZUISHENKEZUIWEIDADESHEHUIBIANGE,WEIDANGDAIZHONGGUOYIQIEFAZHANJINBUDIANDINGLEGENBENZHENGZHIQIANTIHEZHIDUJICHU。ZAITANSUOGUOCHENGZHONG,SUIRANJINGLILEYANZHONGQUZHE,DANQUDEDEDUCHUANGXINGLILUNCHENGGUOHEJUDACHENGJIU,FENGFUFAZHANLEMAOZEDONGSIXIANG,WEIGAIGEKAIFANGXINSHIQIKAICHUANGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYITIGONGLEBAOGUIJINGYAN、LILUNZHUNBEI、WUZHIJICHU。

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  69NIANZHONGWOMENQUDECHENGJIUDEZUIXIANZHUTEZHENGJIUSHISHIXIAN、YINGLAILESANCIWEIDAFEIYUE。69NIANZHONGWOMENSHIXIANLEZHONGHUAMINZUCONGDONGYABINGFUDAOZHANQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE,SHIXIANLEZHONGHUAMINZUCONGZHANQILAIDAOFUQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE,YINGLAILEZHONGHUAMINZUCONGFUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE。ZHESANCIWEIDAFEIYUESHIFANTIANFUDIDE,SHIJUSHIZHUMUDE。TASHIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUO69NIANLISHIZHONGSANGEZUIYAOYAN、ZUIXIANZHU、ZUIMINGXIDEBIAOSHI。XINZHONGGUODECHENGLISHIZHONGHUAMINZUZHANQILAIDEQIDIANHEJIBENBIAOZHI。ZHANQILAIBUSHIYICUERJIUDE,YAOZHANDEZHU、ZHANDEWENXUYAOYIGELISHIGUOCHENG。ZAISHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGHEJIANSHESHIQI,WOMENQUANMIANQUELILESHEHUIZHUYIJIBENZHIDU。WOGUOXIANXINGDEGUOTI、ZHENGTI、GUOJIAJIEGOUXINGSHIHEZHENGDANGZHIDUJIUSHIZAIZHEGESHIHOUQUELIDE。WOMENKAISHIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYI,JIANLILEDULIDE、BIJIAOWANZHENGDEGONGYETIXIHEGUOMINJINGJITIXI,QUDELELISHIXINGJUDACHENGJIU。ZHEQIJIANWOMENBUJINNENGGOUZIXINGSHEJIHEPILIANGSHENGCHANQICHE、FEIJI、TANKE、DAPAO、TUOLAJIDENG,HUANCHENGGONGBAOZHALEYUANZIDAN、QINGDAN,FASHELEZHONGYUANCHENGDAODANHERENZAODIQIUWEIXING,HUANCHUBUJIEJUELEJIYIRENDECHIFANCHUANYIWENTI,ZHEZAIDANGSHIBEISHIJIEGONGRENWEISHIYIGEWEIDAQIJI。

  GAIGEKAIFANGSHIZHONGGUODATABUGANSHANGSHIDAI,JIDADIFAZHANLEZHONGGUO。CONG1978NIANZHI2012NIAN,JINGGUOQUANGUORENMINDENULIFENDOU,WOGUODESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEQUDEJUSHIZHUMUDEWEIDACHENGJIU。JINGJISHILI、KEJISHILI、GUOFANGSHILI、ZONGHEGUOLI、GUOJIYINGXIANGLIDOUDAWEITISHENG,RENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGBUDUANTIGAO。2010NIAN,WOGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHICHAOGUORIBEN,CHENGWEISHIJIEDIERDAJINGJITI。WOGUOXIANHOUYU1999NIANHE2010NIANKUARUXIAZHONGDENGSHOURUGUOJIAHESHANGZHONGDENGSHOURUGUOJIADEXINGLIE。ZHONGHUAMINZUZHENZHENGFUQILAILE!

  DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGYIJUDADEZHENGZHIYONGQIHEQIANGLIEDESHIMINGDANDANG,JIEJUELEXUDUOCHANGQIXIANGJIEJUEERMEIYOUJIEJUEDENANTI,BANCHENGLEXUDUOGUOQUXIANGBANERMEIYOUBANCHENGDEDASHI,TUIDONGDANGHEGUOJIASHIYEQUDEQUANFANGWEI、KAICHUANGXINGLISHICHENGJIU,FASHENGSHENCENGCI、GENBENXINGLISHIBIANGE。ZHONGGUORIYIZOUJINSHIJIEWUTAIZHONGYANG,DUISHIJIEDEYINGXIANGLI、GANZHAOLI、SUZAOLIRIYIZENGQIANG。2017NIAN,WOGUOGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHICHAOGUO82WANYIYUAN,ZHANSHIJIEJINGJIDEBIZHONGDADAO15%ZUOYOU,DUISHIJIEJINGJIZENGCHANGGONGXIANLVCHAOGUO30%。WOGUODEDUIWAIMAOYI、DUIWAITOUZI、WAIHUICHUBEIWENJUSHIJIEQIANLIE,CHUANGXINXINGGUOJIAJIANSHEQUDEFENGSHUOCHENGGUO,TIANGONG、JIAOLONG、TIANYAN、WUKONG、MOZI、DAFEIJIDENGZHONGDAKEJICHENGGUOXIANGJIWENSHI。ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGLAILEQIANGQILAIHEWEIDAFUXINGDEGUANGMINGQIANJING。

  69NIANZHONGFASHENGDEZUISHENKEBIANGEJIUSHIDANGLINGDAORENMINJINXINGLEWEIDADESHEHUIGEMING。JINXINGSHEHUIGEMINGDEMUDE,JIUSHIYAOPOCHUSHENGCHANGUANXI、JINGJIJICHU、SHANGCENGJIANZHULINGYUNEIYIQIEJIUDESIXIANGGUANNIANHETIZHIJIZHIBIDUANDESHUFU,JIEFANGHEFAZHANSHEHUISHENGCHANLI,JIAKUAIZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDELISHIJINCHENG。

  ZHONGGUOSHIYIGEDIYUGUANGDA、RENKOUZHONGDUO、GUOQINGFUZADEDONGFANGDAGUO,ZAIZHEYANGYIGEGUODULIYAOLINGDAOHAOWEIDADESHEHUIGEMINGSHIJIBURONGYIDESHIQING。WOMENDANGDAILINGRENMINBAMAKESIZHUYIJIBENYUANLITONGZHONGGUOSHIJIHESHIDAITEZHENGXIANGJIEHE,JIANCHIBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIHELISHIWEIWUZHUYI,JIANCHIYIQIECONGSHIJICHUFA,YIZHONGZHICHENGCHENGDEJUEXIN,YIGANWEIRENXIANDEYONGQI,YIZHUANGSHIDUANWANDEYILI,YIBAIZHEBUNAODEYIZHI,PUXIELEZHONGHUAMINZUJINGTIANDI、QIGUISHENDEZHUANGLISHISHI。SHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGHEJIANSHESHIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDEQIANTIHEJICHU,GAIGEKAIFANGHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHESHISHEHUIZHUYIGEMINGHEJIANSHEDEFAZHANQUSHIHEBIRANJIEGUO,LIANGZHEXIANGHULIANXI,BUKEFENGE。

  WEIDADESHEHUIGEMING,ZAIZHONGGUOCHEDIJIESHUCUNZAIJIQIANNIANDESHENGCHANZILIAOSIRENZHANYOUDEBOXUEZHIDU,ZHEZAIZHONGGUOLISHISHANGSHIQIANSUOWEIYOUDE;SHIWOGUOZAISHEHUITIZHIJIZHISHANGBAITUOLEFENGBIJIANGHUADESHUFU,HUANFACHUXINDESHENGJIHUOLI,CHENGWEISHIJIESHEHUIZHUYIDEZHONGLIUDIZHU。KEYISHUO,WEIDADESHEHUIGEMING,JIDADIJIFAHEDIAODONGLEYIWANRENMINDEJIJIXING、ZHUDONGXING、CHUANGZAOXING,JIDADIJIEFANGHEFAZHANLESHEHUISHENGCHANLI,JIDADIZENGQIANGLESHEHUIDEFAZHANDONGLIYUHUOLI,WEIZHONGHUAMINZUSHIXIANCONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUECHUANGZAOLETIAOJIAN、DIANDINGLEJICHU。

  69NIANLIDANGHERENMINZUITUCHUBIAOXIANJIUSHICHENGGONGYINGDUIHEDIYULEYIXILIEZHONGDAFENGXIAN、GEZHONGKUNNANTIAOZHANYUKAOYAN。69NIANWOMENSUOZOUGUODELUSHICHONGMANJINGJI、SHIFENKANKEHEJIBUPINGTANDE。QIJIAN,WOMENJINGSHOULEYIXILIEGEZHONGGEYANGZHONGDAFENGXIANHEKUNNANDETIAOZHANYUKAOYAN。ZHEXIEFENGXIANHETIAOZHAN,YOULAIZIGUONEIDE,YOULAIZIGUOWAIDE;YOUZHENGZHIDE,YOUJINGJIDE;YOUJUNSHIDE,YOUYISHIXINGTAIDE;YOUSHEHUIDE,YEYOUZIRANJIEDE。69NIANZHONGDEZHEXIEKUNNAN、FENGXIAN、TIAOZHAN,SHIDANGHERENMINSHOUDAOLEDUANLIANHEKAOYAN。KEYISHUO,ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHI,JIUSHIYIBUDANGHERENMINZILIGENGSHENG、JIANKUFENDOU,BUPAYA、BUXINXIE,LULITONGXIN、FAFENTUQIANGDELISHI;JIUSHIYIBUDANGHERENMINJINGLIMONAN、JINGSHOUKAOYAN,DADANTANSUO、GANYUSHIJIAN,SHANYUXUEXI、YONGYUGEMINGDELISHI;JIUSHIYIBUDANGHERENMINGAIGECHUANGXIN、DILIFENJIN,DUIWAIKAIFANG、ZOUXIANGSHIJIE,CHUANGZAOQIJI、ZHUZAOHUIHUANGDELISHI。

  深刻的歷史啟示

  ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHISHIDANGHERENMINYIBIBAOGUIDEJINGSHENCAIFU,TAWEIWOMENJIXUQIANXINGTIGONGLESHENKEDELISHIQISHI。

  DIYI,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIDANGHERENMINSHENGLIQIANJINDEGUANGHUIQIZHI,SHIGUOJIAFUQIANG、MINZUZHENXING、RENMINXINGFUDEBIYOUZHILU。GONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHICHONGFENZHENGMING,FANGXIANGJUEDINGDAOLU,DAOLUJUEDINGMINGYUN。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANJINBUDEGENBENFANGXIANG,ZHIYOUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYICAINENGFAZHANZHONGGUO。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYICHENGZAIZHUJIDAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDELIXIANGHETANSUO,JITUOZHUWUSHURENRENZHISHIDESUYUANHEQIPAN,NINGJUZHUYIWANRENMINDEFENDOUHEXISHENG,SHIJINDAIYILAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEBIRANXUANZE,SHIGUOJIAFUQIANG、MINZUZHENXING、RENMINXINGFUDEBIYOUZHILU。ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHEZHONGGUORENMINTUANJIEDEQIZHI、FENDOUDEQIZHI、SHENGLIDEQIZHI。WOMENYAOQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、QUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIA、SHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAO、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG,BIXUSHIZHONGGAOJUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDAQIZHI,JIANDINGBUYIDIJIANCHIHEFAZHANXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYI,JIANDINGZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEDAOLUZIXIN、LILUNZIXIN、ZHIDUZIXIN、WENHUAZIXIN。

  DIER,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEJILIANG,SHIZHONGGUORENMINDEZHUXINGU,DANGDELINGDAOSHIWOMENGEXIANGSHIYEQUDESHENGLIDEGENBENZHENGZHIBAOZHENG。GONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHICHONGFENZHENGMING,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGBUKUIWEIWEIDA、GUANGRONG、ZHENGQUEDEMAKESIZHUYIZHENGDANG,BUKUIWEILINGDAOZHONGGUORENMINBUDUANKAICHUANGSHIYEFAZHANXINJUMIANDEHEXINLILIANG。MAKESI、ENGESIZAI《GONGCHANDANGXUANYAN》ZHONGCENGZHICHU:GONGCHANDANGRENBUSHITONGQITAGONGRENZHENGDANGXIANGDUILIDETESHUZHENGDANG。TAMENMEIYOURENHETONGZHENGGEWUCHANJIEJIDELIYIBUTONGDELIYI。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGSHIZHONGGUOGONGRENJIEJIDEXIANFENGDUI,TONGSHISHIZHONGGUORENMINHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEXIANFENGDUI。ZHEJIUJUEDINGLEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGNENGGOUBAITUOYIWANGYIQIEZHENGDANGSHOUJIEJILIYISHUFUDELISHIJUXIAN,ZUOQITAZHENGDANGBUYUANZUO、BUXIANGZUO、BUNENGZUO,YEZUOBULE、ZUOBUHAODESHI。GUANGMINGLEILUO、JINHUAITANBAI,JIANCHIZHENLI、XIUZHENGCUOWU,JIUCHENGWEIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENDEYOULIANGCHUANTONGHEPINGE。ZHEYEJIUSHIZAI69NIANZHONGDANGHEGUOJIASHIYEZAOSHOUCUOZHE,ERWOMENDANGQUENENGGOUXUNSUJIUZHENGCUOWU,HUAXIANWEIYI,ZOUCHUKUNJING,KAICHUANGXINJUMIANDEGENBENYUANYIN。XINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISHIWOMENDANGLINGDAORENMINJINXINGWEIDASHEHUIGEMINGDECHENGGUO,YESHIWOMENDANGLINGDAORENMINJINXINGWEIDASHEHUIGEMINGDEJIXU。ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAOSHIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZUIBENZHIDETEZHENGHEZUIDAYOUSHI。DANGZHENGJUNMINXUE,DONGXINANBEIZHONG,DANGSHILINGDAOYIQIEDE。ZAIXINDEZHENGCHENGZHONG,WOMENYAOLAOGUSHULI“SIGEYISHI”,JIANJUEWEIHUXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDANGZHONGYANGDEHEXIN、QUANDANGDEHEXINDIWEI,JIANJUEWEIHUDANGZHONGYANGQUANWEIHEJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO,BIXUCHONGFENFAHUIDANGZONGLANQUANJU、XIEDIAOGEFANGDELINGDAOHEXINZUOYONG。

凯旋棋牌  DISAN,GAIGEKAIFANGSHIYICHANGXINDEWEIDAGEMING,SHIFAZHANZHONGGUO、YINGDEZHUDONG、ZOUXIANGSHIJIE、MIANXIANGWEILAIDEGENBENTUJINGHEQIANGDADONGLI。GONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHICHONGFENZHENGMING,GAIGEKAIFANGSHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANJINBUDEHUOLIZHIYUAN,SHIDANGHERENMINDATABUGANSHANGSHIDAIQIANJINBUFADEZHONGYAOFABAO。1978NIANDANGDESHIYIJIESANZHONGQUANHUIYILAIDE40NIAN,WOMENDANGJIUSHIKAOGAIGEKAIFANGZHENFENLEMINXIN、TONGYILESIXIANG、NINGJULELILIANG;KAOGAIGEKAIFANGJIFALEQUANTIRENMINDECHUANGZAOJINGSHENHECHUANGZAOHUOLI;KAOGAIGEKAIFANGSHIXIANLEWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIKUAISUFAZHAN、ZAIYUZIBENZHUYIJINGZHENGZHONGYINGDELEBIJIAOYOUSHI。GAIGEKAIFANGFAZHANLEZHONGGUO、ZHUANGDALEZHONGGUO,SHIWOGUODEJINGJISHILI、KEJISHILI、GUOFANGSHILI、ZONGHEGUOLIJINRUSHIJIEQIANLIE,SHIWOGUODEGUOJIDIWEISHIXIANQIANSUOWEIYOUDETISHENG,SHIDANGDEMIANMAO、GUOJIADEMIANMAO、RENMINDEMIANMAO、JUNDUIDEMIANMAO、ZHONGHUAMINZUDEMIANMAOFASHENGLEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEBIANHUA。WEILAIWOMENYAOANZHAODANGDESHIJIUDAMOUHUADEHONGWEILANTU,GAIGEBUTINGDUN,KAIFANGBUZHIBU,BAXINSHIDAIDEGAIGEKAIFANGJINXINGDAODI!

凯旋棋牌  DISI,RENMINQUNZHONGSHIGUOJIAHESHEHUIDEZHUREN,SHILISHIDECHUANGZAOZHE,SHIJUEDINGDANGHEGUOJIAQIANTUMINGYUNDEGENBENLILIANG。GONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHICHONGFENZHENGMING,DANGHEGUOJIADEGENJIZAIRENMIN、XUEMOZAIRENMIN、LILIANGZAIRENMIN。“RENMINJIUSHIJIANGSHAN,JIANGSHANJIUSHIRENMIN。”GONGHEGUO69NIANDELISHIJIUSHIYIBUSHENGDONGDEWOMENDANGHEGUOJIAJIANCHIHEGUANCHEDANGDEQUNZHONGLUXIAN,BADANGDEZHENGQUEZHUZHANGHEGUOJIAYIZHIBIANWEIQUNZHONGZIJUEXINGDONGDELISHI,JIUSHIYIBUWOMENDANGTONGRENMINQUNZHONGXUEROUXIANGLIAN、SHENGSIXIANGYI、HUANNANYUGONGDELISHI。MAOZEDONGTONGZHICENGJIANGGUOYIJUJINGDIANMINGYAN:“RENMIN,ZHIYOURENMIN,CAISHICHUANGZAOSHIJIELISHIDEDONGLI。”RENMINSHILISHIDECHUANGZAOZHE,SHIJUEDINGDANGHEGUOJIAQIANTUMINGYUNDEGENBENLILIANG。WOMENDANGYAOWANCHENGHAOZHIZHENGDELISHISHIMING,SHIXIANJIDINGDEFENDOUMUBIAO,BIXUJIANCHIRENMINZHUTIDIWEI,JIANCHILIDANGWEIGONG、ZHIZHENGWEIMIN,JIANXINGQUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINFUWUDEGENBENZONGZHI,BADANGDEQUNZHONGLUXIANGUANCHEDAOZHIGUOLIZHENGQUANBUHUODONGZHIZHONG,BARENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGZUOWEIFENDOUMUBIAO,YIKAORENMINQUCHUANGZAOLISHIWEIYE。

  (ZUOZHE:ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGSHIHEWENXIANYANJIUYUANFENGUANRICHANGGONGZUODEFUYUANCHANG)

  ZERENBIANJI:LIXIAOCHUN

  

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