凯旋棋牌

讓黃河成為造福人民的幸福河

來源:《求是》2019/20 作者:本刊編輯部 2019-10-15 15:13:36

  HUANGHEANLAN,GUOTAIMINAN。

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黃河,一個民族的光榮與夢想

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  新中國成立后,黨和國家對治理開發黃河極為重視。1952年10月底至11月初,毛澤東同志利用中央批準他休假的時間,專程考察黃河,發出“要把黃河的事情辦好”的號召。這句話后來廣為流傳,成為動員和激勵幾代人治理黃河的響亮口號。他還多次提出策馬考察黃河的設想,但因種種原因未能如愿。圖為1952年10月31日,毛澤東同志在河南鄭州邙山凝望黃河。 新華社發

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只有中國共產黨能把黃河的事情辦好

凯旋棋牌  HUANGHESHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEMUQINHE,YESHIYITIAOJIEAONANXUNDEYOUHUANHE。

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  1946年,中國共產黨在山東菏澤領導成立了冀魯豫解放區黃河水利委員會這一人民治黃機構。自那時起,在中國共產黨領導下,黃河治理保護工作不斷取得重大成就,創造了伏秋大汛歲歲安瀾的奇跡。圖為山東省淄博市木李鄉(今木李鎮)農民在治黃工地上勞動。 新華社發

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共同抓好大保護、協同推進大治理

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凯旋棋牌  ZAIZHEPIANZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUITUIDONGHUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZUOCHULEZHONGYAOBUSHU:JIANCHILVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHIJINSHANYINSHANDELINIAN,JIANCHISHENGTAIYOUXIAN、LVSEFAZHAN,YISHUIERDING、LIANGSHUIERXING,YINDIZHIYI、FENLEISHICE,SHANGXIAYOU、GANZHILIU、ZUOYOUANTONGCHOUMOUHUA,GONGTONGZHUAHAODABAOHU,XIETONGTUIJINDAZHILI,ZHULIJIAQIANGSHENGTAIBAOHUZHILI、BAOZHANGHUANGHECHANGZHIJIUAN、CUJINQUANLIUYUGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN、GAISHANRENMINQUNZHONGSHENGHUO、BAOHUCHUANCHENGHONGYANGHUANGHEWENHUA,RANGHUANGHECHENGWEIZAOFURENMINDEXINGFUHE。

  小浪底水利樞紐工程是治理黃河的關鍵控制性工程,投運以來有效發揮了“防洪、防凌、減淤、供水、灌溉、發電”的綜合效益,為保障黃河中下游人民生命財產安全、促進經濟社會發展、保護生態環境作出了巨大貢獻。圖為小浪底大壩泄洪。 水利部宣傳教育中心供圖 馬貴安/攝

  HECHUANZHIWEISHISHENGTAIHUANJINGZHIWEI,YEGUANHUMINZUCUNXU、WENMINGCHUANCHENG。CENGJINGFANHUADELOULANGUCHENGYINKONGQUEHEGAIDAOERSHUAILUO,ZHEYANGDELIZIZAILISHISHANGBINGBUSHAOJIAN。TUIDONGHUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,BIXUJIANCHISHENGTAIYOUXIAN,BASHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUBAIZAIDIYIWEI。RUHEJIAQIANGHUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU?XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGEICHULEXIANMINGZHIYIN:CONGHUANGHESHENGTAIXITONGZHEYIYOUJIZHENGTICHUFA,CHONGFENKAOLVSHANGZHONGXIAYOUDECHAYI,FENLEISHICE。HUANGHESHANGYOU,CONGHEYUANDAONEIMENGGUHEKOUZHEN,HEDUANCHANG3472GONGLI,SHIHUANGHELIUYUZHONGYAODESHUIYUANHANYANGDI,TEBIESHISANJIANGYUANDIQU,BEIYUWEI“ZHONGHUASHUITA”。ZHEYIQUYUYAOZHENDUIJUBUDIQUSHENGTAIXITONGTUIHUA、SHUIYUANHANYANGGONGNENGJIANGDIDEWENTI,TUIJINSHISHIYIPIZHONGDASHENGTAIBAOHUXIUFUHEJIANSHEGONGCHENG,TISHENGSHUIYUANHANYANGNENGLI。HUANGHEZHONGYOU,XIQIHEKOUZHENDONGZHIZHENGZHOUTAOHUAYU,HEDUANCHANG1206GONGLI,SHIHUANGHENISHADEZHUYAOLAIYUANQU,TONGSHIYESHIZHONGYAODENENGYUANJIDI、DAXINGGUANQU,YAOTUCHUZHUAHAOSHUITUBAOCHIHEWURANZHILI。DUICI,ZONGSHUJITEBIEQIANGDIAO,SHUITUBAOCHIBUSHIJIANDANWAJIGEKENGZHONGJIKESHU,HUANGTUGAOYUANJIANGYULIANGSHAO,NENGBUNENGZHONGSHU,ZHONGSHENMESHUHESHI,YAOGAOQINGCHUZAIGAN。HUANGHEXIAYOU,CONGTAOHUAYUDAORUHAIKOU,HEDUANCHANG786GONGLI,QIZHONGZHANDI15.3WANGONGQINGDEHUANGHESANJIAOZHOUGUOJIAJIZIRANBAOHUQU,SHIWOGUONUANWENDAIZUIWANZHENG、ZUIGUANGKUO、ZUINIANQINGDESHIDISHENGTAIXITONG,SHIBAOHUQUANQIUWUZHONGDUOYANGXINGDETIANRANJIYINKUHEZHONGYAOZHIDIAN。YAOZHENDUIZHEYIQUYUSHENGTAILIULIANGPIANDI、HEKOUSHIDIWEISUODESHIJI,ZUOHAOSHIDIBAOHUYUHUIFUGONGZUO,QIESHITIGAOSHIDISHENGTAIZHILIANG,BAOHUSHENGWUDUOYANGXING。

凯旋棋牌  “JIUQUHUANGHEWANLISHA。” HUANGHEWEIHAI,HAIZAINISHA。HUANGHESHUISHAOSHADUO、SHUISHAGUANXIBUXIEDIAO,SHIHUANGHEFUZANANZHIDEZHENGJIESUOZAI。HUANGHENIANJUNSHUSHALIANGYUE16YIDUN,XIANGBIZHIXIA,YINDUDEHENGHESUIRANNIANSHUSHALIANGYEHENDA,DANHANSHALIANGZHIYOUHUANGHEDE1/10ZUOYOU。YOURENXINGXIANGDISHUO,RUGUOBAHUANGHEMEINIANXIEDAIDENISHADUICHENGYIDAOYIMIKUANYIMIGAODETUQIANG,ZUYIRAODIQIU27QUAN。HUANGHECHUANGUOHUANGTUGAOYUAN、JINRUHUABEIPINGYUANHOU,JULIANGNISHAYUJIXIALAI,SHIHECHUANGYUETAIYUEGAO,XINGCHENGHECHUANGGAOYUDIMIANDE“XUANHE”,ZHEYESHILISHISHANGHUANGHEJUEKOUFANLANDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIMINGQUEZHICHU,BIXUJINJINZHUAZHUSHUISHAGUANXIDIAOJIEZHEGE“NIUBIZI”,WANSHANSHUISHADIAOKONGJIZHI,JIEJUEJIULONGZHISHUI、FENTOUGUANLIWENTI,SHISHIHEDAOHETANQUZONGHETISHENGZHILIGONGCHENG,JIANHUANHUANGHEXIAYOUYUJI,QUEBAOHUANGHEYANANANQUAN。YAOKANDAO,HUANGHESHUISHAGUANXIDIAOJIESHIYIGEXITONGGONGCHENG,XIAYOUNISHAYUJIYOUXIAYOUHEDAOZHILIDEWENTI,DANYUANTOUZAIZHONGYOUDESHUITULIUSHI,YUSHANGYOUCAISHUI、KAIFADENGHUODONGYEMIQIEXIANGGUAN。TONGSHI,HUANGHESHUISHAGUANXIYOUHENWEIMIAO,BINGFEIHANSHALIANGYUESHAOYUEHAO。RUGUORENWEIGUODUGANYUSHIZHONGYOUXIAXIEDESHUIGUOQINGGUODA,KENENGHUIYINFAZHONGSHANGYOUNISHAYUJI,HUANKENENGDUIXIAYOUHEDAOZAOCHENGCHONGJI,JIAJUHUANGHEGAIDAODEFENGXIAN。WEICI,ZONGSHUJITEBIEQIANGDIAO,YAOJIANCHIBIANZHENGSIWEI、XITONGSIWEI,BAXIANGGUANWENTIYANJIUSHENYANJIUTOU,BUNENGDANDAYI、XIANGDANGRAN。

凯旋棋牌  HUANGHELIUYUZHUYAOWEIOUYADALUGANHANBANGANHANDIQU,JIANGSHUIXISHAO,NIANJINGLIULIANGZHIZHANQUANGUO 2%。DANHUANGHEYOUSHIXIBEI、HUABEIDEZHONGYAOSHUIYUAN,CHENGDANZHUZHANQUANGUO15%GENGDIMIANJI、12%RENKOU、JISHIZUODAZHONGCHENGSHIHENENGYUANJIDIDEGONGSHUIRENWU,SHUIZIYUANGONGXUMAODUNSHIFENTUCHU。SHANGSHIJI70ZHI90NIANDAIJIAN,HUANGHEXIAYOUPINFANDUANLIU,1997NIANHUANGHEDUANLIUSHIJIANDA226TIAN,CHANGDA704GONGLI。ZAIDANGHEGUOJIADEDALIZHILIXIA,HUANGHEZHIJINYILIANXU20NIANBUDUANLIU。DANYEBIXUKANDAO,HUANGHESHUIZIYUANLIANGJIUZHEMEDUO,RUHEYONGCHUZUIDAXIAOYI,LIMIANDAYOUXUEWEN。DUICI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJICONGLIANGGEFANGMIANTICHULEMINGQUEYAOQIU:YIFANGMIAN,YAOBASHUIZIYUANZUOWEIZUIDADEGANGXINGYUESHU,“YOUDUOSHAOTANGPAODUOSHAOMO”,JIANCHIYISHUIDINGCHENG、YISHUIDINGDI、YISHUIDINGREN、YISHUIDINGCHAN,BURANZUIHOUZHINENG“JIAOGANMO”LE。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YAOTUIDONGYONGSHUIFANGSHIYOUCUFANGXIANGJIEYUEJIYUEZHUANBIAN,QIESHIGAIBIANJIESHUIYISHIBUQIANG、YONGSHUICUFANGHELANGFEIDEWENTI。ZAIHUANGHEYONGSHUIJIEGOUZHONG,NONGYEGUANGAIYUEZHAN80%,JIESHUIQIANLIJUDA。YAODALITUIJINNONGYEJIESHUI,JINYIBUTIGAOSHUIZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLV。

凯旋棋牌  ZUOHAOHUANGHELIUYUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDAWENZHANG,BIXUBAHUANGHELIUYUFAZHANDENEIHANGAOQINGCHU,ZHAODUILUZI,BUNENGYISHUOFAZHAN,JIU“JIANJINKUANGLIDOUSHICAI”。HUANGHELIUYUGEDIZIRANZIYUANBINGFU、JINGJIFAZHANTIAOJIANGEBUXIANGTONG,YAOFAHUIHAOGEZIBIJIAOYOUSHI,BUNENGDOUGAOCHENGYIGEMOSHI。ZAIZHEPIANZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIWEIHUANGHELIUYUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANQUEDINGLE“24ZI”FANGZHEN:YISHUIZESHUI、YISHANZESHAN,YILIANGZELIANG、YINONGZENONG,YIGONGZEGONG、YISHANGZESHANG。JUCI,ZONGSHUJIDUIGEDIFENBIETICHULEMINGQUEYAOQIU:SANJIANGYUAN、QILIANSHANDENGSHENGTAIGONGNENGZHONGYAODEDIQU,ZHUYAORENWUSHIBAOHUSHENGTAI,HANYANGSHUIYUAN,CHUANGZAOGENGDUOSHENGTAICHANPIN。TAGAOJIEDAO,YAOXIANGYIXIANGSHIGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIZHONGYAOHUANSHILVSHUIQINGSHANZHONGYAO,CHENGDANQISHENGTAIGONGNENGZUIDAHUADERENWU,ERBUNENGZONGXIANGZHUGAODIANGUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIZIJIGUORIZI。HETAOGUANQU、FENWEIPINGYUANDENGLIANGSHIZHUCHANQU,YAOFAZHANHAOXIANDAINONGYE,BANONGCHANPINZHILIANGTISHANGQU,BAOZHANGGUOJIALIANGSHIANQUAN。QUYUZHONGXINCHENGSHIDENGJINGJIFAZHANTIAOJIANHAODEDIQU,ZHONGDIANZAIJIAKUAIXINJIUDONGNENGZHUANHUAN,TIGAOJINGJIHERENKOUCHENGZAINENGLI。PINKUNDIQUYAOBADAYINGTUOPINGONGJIANZHANZUOWEIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG,QUANLIBAOZHANGHEGAISHANMINSHENG。YOUTIAOJIANDEDIQU,YAOJIJICANYUGONGJIAN“YIDAIYILU”,YIGAOSHUIPINGDUIWAIKAIFANGZHUTUIGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。

凯旋棋牌  HUANGHEBUJINSHIYITIAOBOLANZHUANGKUODEZIRANZHIHE,YESHIYITIAOYUANYUANLIUCHANGDEWENMINGZHIHE、WENHUAZHIHE。HUANGHEWENHUASHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEGENYUHUN,SHIZHONGHUAMINZUJIANDINGWENHUAZIXINDEZHONGYAOGENJI。HUANGHEZHISHUIYAOBENTENGBUXI,HUANGHEWENHUADEXUEMOYEYAOYONGJIUYANXU。ZAIZHEPIANZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIMINGQUEYAOQIU,YAOBAOHU、CHUANCHENG、HONGYANGHUANGHEWENHUA。JIYAOTUIJINHUANGHEWENHUAYICHANDEXITONGBAOHU,SHOUHAOLAOZUZONGLIUGEIWOMENDEBAOGUIYICHAN,YOUYAOSHENRUWAJUEHUANGHEWENHUAYUNHANDESHIDAIJIAZHI,JIANGHAO“HUANGHEGUSHI”。YAOJIANGHUANGHECHENGZAIDEHUAXIAERNVYUZAIHAIKANGZHENGSUOYUNHANDEWEIDACHUANGZAOJINGSHEN、FENDOUJINGSHEN、TUANJIEJINGSHEN、MENGXIANGJINGSHENCHUANCHENGHAO、HONGYANGHAO,SHIZHICHENGWEISHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZHONGGUOMENGDEBUJIELILIANGYUANQUAN。

又一個重大國家戰略

  DAHEBENLIU,SUIYUEYOUYOU。GULAODEMUQINHE,ZAIXINSHIDAIYOUYINGLAILEXINDEZHONGDALISHIJIYU。ZAIZHEPIANZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHENGZHONGXUANBU:“HUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,TONGJINGJINJIXIETONGFAZHAN、CHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHAN、YUEGANGAODAWANQUJIANSHE、CHANGSANJIAOYITIHUAFAZHANYIYANG,SHIZHONGDAGUOJIAZHANLVE。”ZONGSHUJIYAOQIU,YAOZHUAJINKAIZHANDINGCENGSHEJI,ZUZHIBIANZHIGUIHUAGANGYAO,CHENGLILINGDAOXIAOZU,DUIYIXIEZHONGDAWENTIJINXINGSHENRUYANJIU、KEXUELUNZHENG;CHUANGXINTIZHIJIZHI,MINGQUEZHONGYANG、SHENGQU、SHIXIANDEZHIZERENWU,QUEBAOHUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANXINGWENZHIYUAN。

  HUANGHE“JIUQUSHIBAWAN”,LIUYUKUANGUANG、QINGKUANGFUZA,TIAOJIANQIANCHAWANBIE。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIYAOQIU,HUANGHEYANANDEFAZHANYIDINGYAOYOUDAJUYISHI,ZHANZAIGUOJIADE、QUANJUDEJIAODUKAOLVWENTI,ZAIDANGZHONGYANGJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAOXIA,FAHUIWOGUOSHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUJIZHONGLILIANGGANDASHIDEYOUYUEXING,LAOGUSHULI“YIPANQI”SIXIANG。TATEBIEQIANGDIAO,BUNENGFANJIZAOBING,DAGANKUAISHANG,BUNENGYIKANHUANGHEZHEERYOUYOUTIMULE,BIANJIETIFAHUI。YAOBAHAOGUAN,WEIHUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANGUIHUALUXIAN、HUAHAO“HONGXIAN”,BUNENGSUIYISHANGDAXIANGMU,GAOGEZHONGGEYANGDEKAIFAQU。ZHEJIUWEIHUANGHEYANANGEDIQUTIQIANDALEYUFANGZHEN、QIAOLEJINGSHIZHONG:YAOGENGJIAZHUZHONGBAOHUHEZHILIDEXITONGXING、ZHENGTIXING、XIETONGXING,YISHENGTAIBAOHUWEIZUIDAQIANTI,GUIHUAHAOGEZIDECHAYIHUAFAZHANDAOLU,SHIXIANKEXUE、LVSE、KECHIXUDEFAZHAN。

  壺口瀑布是黃河流經秦晉大峽谷時形成的一個天然瀑布,其奔騰不息、磅礴洶涌的氣勢被視為中華民族自強不息、百折不撓、勇往直前精神的象征。“風在吼,馬在叫,黃河在咆哮……保衛家鄉!保衛黃河!保衛華北!保衛全中國!”1939年,正是這里的壯觀景象激發了創作者的靈感,寫出膾炙人口的《黃河大合唱》。圖為游客在位于山西省吉縣的黃河壺口瀑布游覽(攝于2019年6月30日)。 視覺中國 呂桂明/攝

凯旋棋牌  ZHILIHUANGHEDEGONGLIHAOHUAI,YAOYIBAINIANQIANNIANJI,BUNENGJI,BUNENGMAHU。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIYIZAIQIANGDIAO,ZHILIHUANGHE,BUNENGJIGONGJINLI,YAOJIUJIUWEIGONG。ZHISHUI,SHIYOUGUILVKEXUNDE。“YUZHIJUEDUYE,YINSHUIYIWEISHI。”DAYUCHENGGONGZHILISHUIHUAN,YUANYINZAIYUZUNZHONGGUILV;2000DUONIANQIANXIUJIANDEDOUJIANGYANJINTIANHUANFAHUIZUOYONG,YUANYINZAIYUZUNZHONGGUILV;ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAORENMINSHIXIANHUANGHEZHILICONGBEIDONGDAOZHUDONGDELISHIXINGZHUANBIAN,YUANYINZAIYUZUNZHONGGUILV;CHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHANZHANLVESHISHI3NIANLAIBUDUANQUDEXINCHENGJIU,YUANYINYEZAIYUZUNZHONGGUILV。XINSHIDAIDEHUANGHEZHILI,YAOGENGJIAZHUZHONGTANSUO、ZHANGWOHEYUNYONGGUILV,BINGQIZHENGFUSHUI、ZHENGFUZIRANDECHONGDONGSIXIANG,ZHAODAOKEXUEDEZHILIZHIDAO。YAOYI“WANLIXIERUXIONGHUAIJIAN”DEDANPO、“MANGONGCHUXIHUO”DERENJING,BAOCHILISHINAIXINHEZHANLVEDINGLI,BAMUGUANGFANGCHANGYUAN,ZOUSHIZOUHAOHUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEMEIYIBU。CONGYIKESHUDAOYIPIANLIN,CONGYIPOUSHUIDAOYITIAOHE,ZHIYAOYINIANJIEZHUYINIANGAN、YICHAJIEZHUYICHAGAN,JIUNENGYICHICUNZHIGONG,JIQIANQIUZHILI,RANGHUANGHEZAIWOMENZHEYIDAIRENSHOULI,ZHENZHENGBIANCHENGZAOFUZISUNWANDAIDEXINGFUHE。

凯旋棋牌  JIANGUERZHIJIN,LINHUANGHEERZHIZHONGGUO。HUANGHEZHISUOYINENGCHONGKAIJUEBIDUOAIERCHU,SHIYINQIJIJULEQIANLIBENYONG、WANHEGUILIUDEHONGHUANGWEILI。JINTIAN,ZHONGGUORENMINHEZHONGHUAMINZUZAILISHIJINCHENGZHONGJILEIDEQIANGDANENGLIANG,ZHENGRUTONGHUANGHEYIYANGCHONGFENBAOFACHULAI。ZHESHIZHONGHUAMINZUSHIXIANWEIDAFUXINGSHIBUKEDANGDEBANGBOLILIANG!

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